Essential Amino Acids – Mnemonics

Essential Amino Acids – Mnemonics What is Essential Amino Acids? An Essential amino acid or indispensable amino acid is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized de novo by the organism being considered, and therefore must be supplied in its diet. – Source Then again What is Amino Acids and what is the benefit of Amino Acids in our body? Twenty percent of the human

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Neurology Suggestion for Post Graduate Exams

Neurology Suggestion for Post Graduate Exams Prepared by Dr. Isha Ali MBBS (Ibrahim Medical College) FCPS Part-1 (Medicine), MD Part-1 (Cardiology, DMC) HMO (DMCH) **** Gait abnormalities?? Circumduction ——- Upper motor neuron lesion Slapping’ due to foot drop ——–Lower motor neuron lesion L5 root or common peroneal nerve Narrow-based, short strides —— Parkinsonism Wide-based, short strides (marche à petits pas, magnetic gait) —-Frontal lobe lesion Wide-based,

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Which of the following is most strong antioxidant?

Which of the following is most strong antioxidant? a. Glutathione b. Vitamin – E c. Vitamin – C d. Ceruloplasmin e. Catalase Ans: A Antioxidants are man-made or natural substances that may prevent or delay some types of cell damage. Antioxidants are found in many foods, including fruits and vegetables. They are also available as dietary supplements. Examples of antioxidants include Beta-carotene Lutein Lycopene Selenium

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Apply Online CCD (Certificate Course on Diabetology) Birdem

Apply Online for CCD (Certificate Course on Diabetology) Birdem There are two sessions each year- January to June and July to December. ** Application for online registration for next CCD batch 24 is going on until 30 April 2016.*** You can get details about the course from here: Registration Link: Information for the batch 24th of CCD Online registration for admission in the CCD

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C Reactive Protein

C Reactive Protein Increase and Normal Disease – Mnemonic

C Reactive Protein Increase and Normal Disease – Mnemonic C–reactive protein (CRP) is an annular (ring-shaped), pentameric protein found in blood plasma, the levels of which rise in response to inflammation (i.e., C–reactive protein is an acute-phase protein of hepatic origin that increases following interleukin-6 secretion from macrophages and T cells). C Reactive Protein is not raised in Please Try to remember the mnemonics –

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Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis

Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis Remodeling of bone contour Fibrillation and focal loss of hyaline cartilage Marginal Osteophytes (ossification of new fibro-cartilage) Subchondral sclerosis Cysts Secondary Bursitis Capsular Thickening Osteochondral Body Synovial Hyperplasia Secondary enthesopathy What is enthesopathy? In medicine, an enthesopathy refers to a disorder involving the attachment of a tendon or ligament to a bone. This site of attachment is known as the entheses. If the

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Autosomal Dominant

Autosomal Dominant Disorders Mnemonic

Autosomal Dominant Disorders Mnemonic There are several Autosomal Dominant Disorders Mnemonic present. I have collected all. One of the simplest one is: Mnemonic for autosomal dominant disorders is : “Very Powerful DOMINANT Humans” V– Von willibrands disease/ Von hippel lindau P – Pseudo hypoparathyroidism D – Dystrophia myotonica O – Osteogenesis imperfecta/Osler-weber-rendu M – Marfans syndrome I – Intermittent porphyria N – Neurofibramatosis A –

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Regulators of Bone Re-modelling

Regulators of Bone Re-modelling Table of Davidson 25.2 (Page 1062) Factor | Bone resorption |Bone formation Parathyroid hormone (PTH) ↑ ↑ Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)↑ ↔ Osteoprotegerin (OPG) ↓ ↔ Sclerostin (SOST) ↔ ↓ Interleukin-1 (IL-1) ↑ ↓ Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) ↑ ↓ Thyroid hormone ↑ ↑ Glucocorticoids ↑ ↓↓ Oestrogen/testosterone ↓ ↑ Mechanical loading ↓ ↑ This are

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respiratory burst

What is Respiratory Burst?

Respiratory Burst When Neutrophils engulf bacteria they exhibit a rapid increase in oxygen consumption known as respiratory burst. This phenomenon reflects the rapid utilization of oxygen and production from it of large amount of reactive derivatives, such as O2, H2O2, and OCl. It is called Respiratory Burst. Respiratory burst From Wikipedia To combat infections, immune cells use NADPH oxidase to reduce O2 to oxygen free

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Adson's Sign

What is Adson’s Sign? Significance of Adson’s Sign

Adson’s Sign Adson’s sign is the loss of the radial pulse in arm by rotating head to the ipsilateral side with extended neck following deep inspiration. It is used as a sign of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Nerve Root Affected: C8 / T1 Structures Causing Constriction in Thoracic Outlet Syndrom 1. Scalenus Anticus Syndrome 2. Cervical Rib Syndrome 3. Costoclavicular Syndrome 4.

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